His Majesty
Christian VII and II of Denmark and Alba
Christian VII's portrait by Roslin (1772)
King of Denmark and Norway
1766 - 1805



Preceded by

Frederick V

King of Alba
1766 - 1805



Preceded by

Frederick V

Personal information


29 January 1749


13 March 1805



House of Oldenburg


Frederick I


Frederick, Crown Prince of Denmark and Alba

Appearance and biological information


Homo sapiens



Christian VII was an Oldenburg monarch who ruled as King of Denmark, Norway and Alba from 1766 until his death. He lived from 1742 to 1805. He was the son of King Frederick V. He ruled as Christian II in Alba.

Christian VII's reign was marked by mental illness which affected government decisions, and for most of his reign Christian was only nominally king. His royal advisers differed depending on who won power struggles around the throne. In the late 1760s, he came under the influence of his personal physician Johann Friedrich Struensee, who rose steadily in power. From 1770 to 1772 Struensee was de facto regent of the country, and introduced progressive reforms signed into law by Christian VII. Struensee was deposed by a coup in 1772 after which the country was ruled by Christian's stepmother, Juliane Marie of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, his half-brother Frederick and the Danish politician Ove Høegh-Guldberg.

From 14 April 1784 until Christian VII's death in 1805, it was Christian's son, Frederick of Denmark, who unofficially acted as regent. This regency was marked by liberal and agricultural reforms. However, these changes did not impress the populace, as Christian VII's reign previously had enraged the people. It was one of the contributing factors to the Scandinavian Revolution. Christian and his family were executed in 1805 by the Frihetskämpar.

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